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Magdalena Abakanowicz
(1930 - 2007)

born in Falenty, Poland - died in Warsaw, Poland 

The metaphoric language of her work has achieved a point of junction, which still is a challenge for mankind, for all its sophisticated civilisation. This is the point where the organic meets the non - organic, where the still alive meets that which is already dead, where all that exist in oppression meet all that strive for liberation in every meaning of this word. With forty years of work behind her one can see her development like a map unfolded on the table. 
On this map the human figure belongs to a vast territory inhabited by crowds and flocks of headless figures. The idea of a crowd has many reverberations in her mind. One of them is the transformation of an individual into a cog.

The entire population of her figures is enough to fill a large public square. They are today over thousand but they have never been seen together. They remain in various museums, public and private collections in different parts of the world.


1950-1954 Academy of Fine Arts, Warsaw, Poland


Australian National Gallery of Art, Canberra, Australia 
Caracas Museum of Modern Art, Caracas, Venezuela 
Center for Contemporary Art, Warsaw, Poland 
Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France 
Citadel Park, Poznan, Poland 
Chicago Grant Park, Chicago, USA 
Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, Iowa, USA 
Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park, Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA
Giuliano Gori, "Spazi d'Arte", Fattoria di Celle, Italy 
Ground for Sculpture, Hamilton, New Jersey, USA 
Hakone Open Air Museum, Japan 
Hess Collection, Napa Valley, California, USA 
Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima, Japan 
Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C., USA 
Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel 
Jardin des Tuileries, Paris, France 
Kunstindustrimuseet, Oslo, Norway 
Kyoto National Museum of Modern Art, Japan 
Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles, California, USA 
Ludwig Museum, Koln, Germany 
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA 
Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France 
Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, USA 
Museum of Contemporary Crafts, New York, USA 
Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA 
Muzeum Narodowe, Warsaw, Poland 
Muzeum Narodowe, Wroclaw, Poland 
Muzeum Sztuki, Lodz, Poland  
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain 
Museo Rufino Tamayo, Mexico City, Mexico 
Museum of Modern Art, Shiga, Japan 
Museum Wurth, Kunzelsau, Germany 
Nagoya City Art Museum, Nagoya, Japan 
Nasher Sculpture Center, Dallas, Texas, USA 
National Museum of Modern Art, Pusan, South Korea 
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. 
National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, South Korea 
National Museum, Stockholm, Sweden 
Neanderthal Museum, Mettmann, Germany 
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri, USA 
Phoenix Art Museum Sculpture Garden, Phoenix, USA 
Portland Art Museum, Portland, Oregon, USA 
Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, New Jersey, USA 
Provinciehuis, s-Hertogenbosch, Holland 
Runnymede Sculpture Farm, California, USA 
Seoul Olympic Park, Seoul, South Korea 
Sezon Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan 
Sonja Henies Niels Onstads Stiftelser, Kunstsenter Hovikodden, Norway 
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Holland 
Storm King Art Center, USA  
Sun Jeu Museum, South Korea 
Toledo Art Museum, Toledo, Ohio, USA 
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA 
Western Washington University, Bellingham, USA 
Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum, Duisburg, Germany 
Woman's Club of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA 
Virginia Museum of Fine Art, Richmond, Virginia, USA


1962   Gallery Kordegarda, Warsaw, Poland

1965   Gallery Zacheta, Warsaw, Poland

1967   Kunstindustrimuseet, Oslo, Norway, travelled in Norway to: Kunstforening -            Trondheim; Stavanger Kunstforening and Kunstindustrimuseum, Bergen.

1968   Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, Einhoven,  
           The Netherlands Frans Halsmuseum, Harlem, Holland  
           Helmhaus, Zurich, Switzerland

1969   Stedelijk Museum, Schiedam, The Netherlands Gallery  
           Alice Pauli, Lausanne  
           Kunsthalle, Manheim, Germany  
           Stedelijk Museum, Arnhem, Holland

1970   National Museum, Stockholm, Sweden

1971   Pasadena Art Museum, Los Angeles, California

1972   Dusseldorf Kunsthalle, Germany

1974   Muzeum Sztuki, Lodz, Poland

1975   Whitechapel Art Gallery London, England  
           Gallery "Zacheta", Warsaw, Poland

1976   Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, travelled to: National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia

1977   Malmo Kunsthall, Sweden  
           Sonia Hennies Kunstsenter, Oslo, Norway

1980   Venice Biennial, Polish Pavilion, Venice, Italy

1982   Musee d«Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France

           National Academy of Sciences, Washington,D.C.;

           DeCordova Museum, Lincoln, Massachusets;

           Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas,Texas;

           Portland Art Museum & Portland Center for the Visual Arts, Portland;        

           Visual Arts Center of Alaska, Anchorage;

           Frederick S. Wight Art Gallery of the University of California, Los Angeles

1985   Galerie Alice Pauli, Lausanne, Switzerland,  
           Xavier Fourcade Inc., New York, 

1986   Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond,Virginia 

1988   Mucsarnok Palace of Exhibitions, Budapest, Hungary  
           Laumeier Sculpture Park, Saint Louis, Missouri, U.S.A. 

1989   Stadtische Galerie im Stadelschen Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt a/M, Germany  
           Marlborough Gallery, New York 

1990   Galerie Pels-Leusden, West Berlin, Germany  
           Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago,USA  
           Marlborough Fine Art, London 

1991   Retrospective travelling exhibition in Japan: Sezon Museum of Art,Tokyo;              The Museum of Modern Art, Shiga;

1992   The Nelson - Atkins Museum of Art,Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.A. 
Marlborough Gallery, New York  
1993   Biuro Wystaw Artystycznych, Kraków, Poland 
           The Institute for Contemporary Art P.S.1 Museum, New York  
           Marlborough Gallery Inc., New York  
1994   Galeria Kordegarda, Warszawa, Polska ( also travelled to Muzeum Sztuki, Lodz, Poland)  
           Galeria Marlborough S.A., Madrid  
           Fundacio Pilar i Joan Miro a Mallorca , Palma de Mallorca, Spain

1995   Els Jardins de Can Altamira Barcelona, Spain  
           Centre of Polish Sculpture, Oronsko, Poland  
1996   Galerie Marwan Hoss, Paris,France  
           Charlottenborg Exhibition Hall, Copenhagen, Denmark; 

1996   Display of the Hand like Trees, Doris Freedman Plaza, New York, Manhattan 

1997   Marlborough Gallery, New York  
           Miami Art Museum, Miami, Florida

1998   Starmach Gallery, Kraków, Poland

1999   Abakanowicz on the Roof , Metropolitan Museum of Art , New York, NY  
           Les Jardins du Palais Royal, Paris,France  
           Basel Art Fair, Basel, Switzerland  
2000   Giuliano Gori collection, Italy 
           Marlborough, New York, USA 
2001   Grant - Selwyn Fine Arts, Los Angeles, USA 
           Abakanowicz at Three Rivers Arts Festival, Pittsburgh, USA 
           Gerald Peters Gallery, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA 
           Kunst - Station, Sankt Peter, Cologne, Germany 
           Pillsbury and Peters Fine Art, Dallas, Texas, USA 
           The William Benton Museum of Art, University of Connecticut, USA

2003   MART, Museo di Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Trento, Rovereto, Italy 
           Dancing Figures, Marlborough  Fine Art, London, England  
           Landesmuseum Schloss Gottorf, Germany 
           Museum Beelden aan Zee, Haag, Holland 
           Museum of Art, Lucerne,  Switzerland

2004   Hurma, Chapelle Saint-Louis de la Salpetriere, Paris; Espace d'Art  

           Contemporain Andre-Malraux, Colmar, France 
           Mutation and Cristallization, Savannah College of Art and Design, 
           Savannah, Georgia, USA 
           Taguchi Fine Art, Tokyo, Japan 
2005   La Foule V, Galerie Saint Severin, Paris, France 
           Stadtkirche Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany 
           Marlborough Gallery, New York, USA


1962/76   Biennale Internationale de la Tapisserie Lausanne, Switzerland 

1965   VII Biennale de Sao Paulo, Brasil.

1968   XXXIV Biennale Internationale de Arte di Venezia, Italy

1969   "Wall Hangings ", The Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA

1976   "Fiber Works Europe and Japan", Kyoto National Museum of Modern Art 
           National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan 

1980   "Biennale Venezia 1980", Polish Pavilion 1982, Italy  
           "Kunst Wird Material", Nationalgalerie, West Berlin, Germany 

1983   International Open Air Sculpture Biennal, Antverpen, Belgium 

1984   "An International Survey of Recent Painting and Sculpture", The Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA 

1985   Biennale International de la Tapisserie, Lausanne, Switzerland

1986   The Sixth Biennale of Sydney, Australia 

1987   "The Avant -Garde in the Eighties", Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, USA  
           "Olympiad of Art ", Olympic Park, Seoul, South Korea 

1992   "...Reperti...: Environment through the eyes of 18 of the worlds major artists" Museu Nacional de Belas Artes Rio de Janeiro, Brasil 

1993   The Fujisankei Biennale, International Exhibition for Contemporary Sculpture, Japan 

1994   "Europa, Europa" das Jahrhundert der Avantgarde in Mittel -und Osteuropa" Kunsthalle, Bonn, Germany  
           "Itinere - Camino e Caminantes", Centro Galego de Arte Contemporanea,            Santiago de Compostela, Spain 
            Itinere - Camino E Caminantes, Santiago de Compostela, Spain

1995   Biennale di Venezia, Italy  
           "After Auschwitz", Royal Festival Hall, London, England  
           "Unser Jahrhundert - Our Century", Museum Ludwig, Koln, Germany  
           "After Hiroshima", Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Japan

1996   "Les Champs de la Sculpture", Paris, France  
"Horizons" Sonje Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, South Korea 

1997   "Summer 1997 Exhibition", Grounds for Sculpture, Hamilton, New Jersey, USA  
           Luxembourg Ville de la Sculpture", Luxembourg  
           "47 Biennale d'arte di Venezia", upon the invitation of the major of Venice, installs Hand-like Trees on Via Sciavone, Italy  
           "A Century of Sculpture - The Nasher Collection", Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA  
           "Human /Nature", Spoleto Festival, Charlston, South Carolina, USA  
           Inauguration of the Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain  
           "Koln Skulptur 1", Sculpture Park, Koln, Germany

1999.  "To the rescue, Eight Artists in an Archive", American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, New York, USA  
           Art Cologne, Internationaler Kunstmarkt, Germany

2000   L'autre moitié de l'Europe , Gallerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, France  
2001   Animal Sculptures of the 20th Century, Fukushima Prefectural Museum of Art, Kirishima Open-Air Museum, Yamanashi Prefectural Museum of Art, Mie Prefectural Museum, Japan 
           Europalia 2001, Musee d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain, Liege, France 
           Den Haag Sculptuur, "Carnaval des Animaux", Hague, Holland

2002   La Parade des Animaux, Monte Carlo, Monaco 
           "Les Jeux dans l'Art du XXeme siecle", Biarritz, France 
           "Los Juegos en el Arte del siglo XX", Zaragozza, Spain 

2002   International Exhibition of Sculptures and Installations, Venice Lido, Italy

2003   "me&more", Kunstmuzeum Luzern, Switzerland 
           "From Picasso to Warhol: master prints 1964 ­ 2003", The Center for Contemporary Art, Warsaw, Poland

2004   "Monochromos de Malevich al presente", Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain

2005   Blickachsen V, Fondation Beyeler in Reihen/Basel, Galerie Scheffel, Bad Homburg, Germany

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